"The Windhover:To Christ our Lord"

Translation Summary:
  • I caught this morning morning's minion,
    • I saw mornings darling (minion) this morning
  • king-dom of daylight's dauphin,
    • The prince (dauphin) of daylights kingdom
  • dapple-dawn-drawn Falcon,
    • The falcon was drawn out by the spotty colors (dapple)of the dawn
  • in his riding Of the rolling level underneath him steady air, and striding High there, how he rung upon the rein of a wimpling wing In his ecstasy!
    • The falcon was like a rider on a horse, holding the reins strong and steady, striding high and riding smoothly
  • then off, off forth on swing, As a skate's heel sweeps smooth on a bow-bend: the hurl and gliding Rebuffed the big wind.
    • Then the falcon swooped down smoothly, like an ice skater, rejecting(rebuffed) the wind he was controlling to propel him forward
  • My heart in hiding Stirred for a bird,--the achieve of, the mastery of the thing!
    • The beauty of the birds movements stirs the poets heart out of hiding
  • Brute beauty and valour and act, oh, air, pride, plume, here Buckle! AND the fire that breaks from thee then,
    • Beauty, valor and the act, along with the air, pride and plume buckle here, either collapsing together or coming together, depending on which form of buckle you use, creating a glorious fire, an explosion
  • a billion Times told lovelier, more dangerous, O my chevalier!
    • But this fire has been described a billion times better, as the story of Jesus Christ being crucified.
  • No wonder of it: sheer plod makes plough down sillion Shine,
    • But this event is no wonder, just an every day occurrence. Like how using a plow(plough) makes it shine and sparkle, and get sharper, rather than dulling it
  • and blue-bleak embers, ah my dear, Fall, gall themselves, and gash gold-vermillion.
    • Brings us back to Christ being crucified. The gash in Christ on the cross cause him to bleed, gold-vermillion blood.

Unified Summary
Hopkins starts by showing how beautiful this falcon is. It is hovering in midair, controlling the wind, with the daylight breaking behind it. Suddenly it swoops down, using the wind it was controlling to let it reach such speeds. Hopkins heart, which was in hiding, stirs, and his emotions are evoked because of the mastery the falcon has over the wind. But this beauty, and valor and action, as well as the air and pride and plume, all unify and break into a fire! This fire from the falcon though, does not compare to the fire of Christ. But this can be seen in nature, like a plow getting shiny just from using it as it was intended to be used.